IC3JM - Artículos de revistas

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Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    El nuevo contrato social desde la perspectiva de la ciencia política
    (Ministerio de Industria, Comercio y Turismo, Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, 2019-12-01) Simón Cosano, Pablo
    En el presente trabajo se aborda la noción de contrato social analizando los equilibrios políticos que lo hacen posible. Tras desarrollar las principales teorías políticas que explican su desarrollo, se abordan los diferentes cambios estructurales que han supuesto una transformación en los mismos como la globalización, la terciarización de la economía o el envejecimiento demográfico. Mención especial merece el cambio tecnológico como elemento clave en el nuevo contrato social.
  • Publication
    Same Same but Different? Gender Politics and (Trans-) National Value Contestation in Europe on Twitter
    (Cogitatio Press, 2022-02-17) Wallaschek, Stefan; Kaushik, Kavyanjali; Verbalyte, Monika; Sojka, Aleksandra Anna; Sorci, Giulana; Trenz, Hans-Jörg; Eigmüller, Monika
    The progress achieved in women's rights and gender equality has become the target of a backlash driven by "anti-gender" activists and right-wing populists across EU member states. To a large extent, this conflict takes place in the digital and social media spheres, illustrating the new mediatized logic of value contestation. Therefore, we ask to what extent are the debates about gender equality on Twitter similar in three European countries, and how do users engage in these debates? We examine these questions by collecting Twitter data around the 2021 International Women's Day in Germany, Italy, and Poland. First, we show that the debate remains nationally segmented and is predominantly supportive of gender equality. While citizens engage with the gender equality value online, they do so in a prevailingly acclamatory fashion. In contrast, political and societal actors show higher levels of engagement with the value and receive more interactions on Twitter. Our study highlights the relevance of national contexts to the analysis of (transnational) social media debates and the limited political engagement of citizens on Twitter across Europe. We also critically discuss the strengths and weaknesses of a cross-country social media comparison.
  • Publication
    Strive to Succeed? The Role of Persistence in the Process of Educational Attainment
    (SAGE, 2021-03-18) Palacios Abad, Alberto; European Commission
    This paper examines the role of effort in the process of educational attainment. First, I analyze the impact of effort on future tertiary educational attainment. Then, I test two sociological theories that argue that effort transmits educational inequality across generations. According to the first theory, parental background shapes the effort that children exert in education-related activities. The second theory argues that the drivers of effort in this context are educational expectations. I use a variable for effort that is measured directly over the course of the PISA test. Using a longitudinal dataset from Australia, I estimate different hierarchical and structural equations models. I find that the measure of effort is positively and significantly associated with the probability of having obtained a tertiary degree ten years later. Furthermore, the results show partial support for the second theory but not for the first one.
  • Publication
    Beyond and against capitalism: abolitionism and the moral dimension of humanitarian practice
    (WILEY, 2014-03-01) Stamatov, Peter
    How do we understand the origins of modern humanitarianism and what can these origins tell us about the study of humanitarianism in general? Here I revisit a critical juncture of the formation of modern humanitarianism, the late 18th-century movement to abolish the British slave trade, through the lens of a prevailing paradigm that has explained it as deriving from the logic of capitalist development. A closer look at this early phase of abolitionism within its historical context reveals the implausibility of the economy as the most salient explanatory factor for the origin and success of the abolitionist project. Instead, this project emerged at the interstices of a complex causal entanglement between the areas of economic and moral action. I conclude by drawing out the larger implications of this historical complexity for the study of humanitarianism at large. The complex causal dynamics that produced early abolitionism urges us to be more attentive to the manifold forms of humanitarian practice and to situate them in a proper causal context instead of assuming that humanitarianism is an epiphenomenal manifestation of allegedly deeper structural forces, such as the economy. Reversing this assumption and directing attention to the casual influence of humanitarianism on other areas of social life opens up a promising field of scholarly inquiry.