Local and global robustness at steady state

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We study the robustness of the steady states of a class of systems of autonomous ordinary differential equations (ODEs), having as a central example those arising from (bio)chemical reaction networks. More precisely, we study under what conditions the steady states of the system are contained in a parallel translate of a coordinate hyperplane. To this end, we focus mainly on ODEs consisting of generalized polynomials and make use of algebraic and geometric tools to relate the local and global structure of the set of steady states. Specifically, we consider the local property termed zero sensitivity at a coordinate xi, which means that the tangent space is contained in a hyperplane of the form xi = c, and provide a criterion to identify it. We consider the global property termed absolute concentration robustness (ACR), meaning that all steady states are contained in a hyperplane of the form xi = c. We clarify and formalize the relation between the two approaches. In particular, we show that ACR implies zero sensitivity and identify when the two properties do not agree, via an intermediate property we term local ACR. For families of systems arising from modeling biochemical reaction networks, we obtain the first practical and automated criterion to decide upon (local) ACR.
Absolute concentration robustness, Polynomial equations, Reaction networks, Sensitivity analysis
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Pascual‐Escudero, B. & Feliu, E. (2021). Local and global robustness at steady state. Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, 45(1), 359–382.