Identification of Degradation Mechanisms in Slot-Die-Coated Nonfullerene ITO-Free Organic Solar Cells Using Different Illumination Spectra

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In this work, we have studied degradation mechanisms of nonfullerene-based organic solar cells with PET/Ag/ZnO/PBDTB-T:ITIC/PEDOT:PSS/CPP PEDOT:PSS device structure. We compare pristine and degraded samples that were subjected to outdoor degradation following the standard ISOS-O2 protocol. The ideality factors for different incident wavelengths obtained from open-circuit voltage vs irradiation level and current density–voltage (J–V) measurements at different temperatures indicate that for aged samples recombination is governed by the Shockley–Read–Hall mechanism occurring in a region near the anode. Samples were also characterized using impedance spectroscopy (IS) and fitted to an electrical model. Impedance parameters were used to obtain mobility, indicating a clear degradation of the active layer blend for aged samples. The change in the chemical capacitance also reveals a worsening in carrier extraction. Finally, two-dimensional (2D) numerical simulations and fits to experimental J–V curves confirm the existence of a layer near the anode contact with poorer mobility and a decrease in the anode work function (WF) for the degraded samples.
Organic solar cells, Degradation, Nonfullerene, Slot-die coating, ITO-free, Flexible
Bibliographic citation
ACS Appled Energy Materials, (2020), 3(7), 6476−6485.