Exact Potts Model Partition Functions for Strips of the Triangular Lattice

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We present exact calculations of the Potts model partition function Z(G,q,v) for arbitrary q and temperature-like variable v on n-vertex strip graphs G of the triangular lattice for a variety of transverse widths equal to L vertices and for arbitrarily great length equal to m vertices, with free longitudinal boundary conditions and free and periodic transverse boundary conditions. These partition functions have the form Z(G,q,v)=∑NZ,G,λj=1 c z,G,j (λ z,G,j )m-1. We give general formulas for N Z,G,j and its specialization to v=−1 for arbitrary L. The free energy is calculated exactly for the infinite-length limit of the graphs, and the thermodynamics is discussed. It is shown how the internal energy calculated for the case of cylindrical boundary conditions is connected with critical quantities for the Potts model on the infinite triangular lattice. Considering the full generalization to arbitrary complex q and v, we determine the singular locus B, arising as the accumulation set of partition function zeros as m→∞, in the q plane for fixed v and in the v plane for fixed q. Explicit results for partition functions are given in the text for L=3 (free) and L=3, 4 (cylindrical), and plots of partition function zeros and their asymptotic accumulation sets are given for L up to 5. A new estimate for the phase transition temperature of the q=3 Potts antiferromagnet on the 2D triangular lattice is given.
Potts model, Triangular lattice, Exact solutions, Transfer matrix, Fortuin-Kasteleyn representation, Tutte polynomial
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Chang, S. C., Jacobsen, J. L., Salas, J. & Shrock, R. (2004). Exact Potts Model Partition Functions for Strips of the Triangular Lattice. Journal of Statistical Physics, 114(3-4), pp. 763–823.