Adapting the Web for People With Upper Body Motor Impairments Using Touch Screen Tablets

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Oxford University Press
The British Computer Society
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People with disabilities frequently use the Internet to perform a variety of common activities; however, they may often encounter aggravated accessibility barriers when using mobile devices to access the Web. In order to alleviate the problems faced by this group when using mobile devices, we have extended a previously developed transcoding-based system that adapts non-accessible web pages to the needs of specific users in order to enhance their accessibility. In this version, we included new adaptation techniques gathered from the literature in order to apply transcoding techniques to mobile devices. The enhanced system was evaluated with eight users with reduced mobility using tablets. The exploratory study suggests that alternative interaction methods such as the ones named 'end tap' and 'steady tap' are beneficial for some participants with reduced mobility, dexterity or strength in the upper limbs. Other results show that six of the eight users preferred the adapted version with enlarged interaction elements which required less physical effort, even if this adaptation increases the size of the page with the disadvantages associated with such a change.
Adaptation and personalization, Web-based interaction paradigm
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Valencia, X., Pérez, J. E., Arrue, M., Abascal, J., Duarte, C., & Moreno, L. (2017). Adapting the web for people with upper body motor impairments using touch screen tablets. Interacting with Computers, 29(6), 794-812.