Predicting Learners' Success in a Self-paced MOOC Through Sequence Patterns of Self-regulated Learning

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In the past years, predictive models in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have focused on forecasting learners' success through their grades. The prediction of these grades is useful to identify problems that might lead to dropouts. However, most models in prior work predict categorical and continuous variables using low-level data. This paper contributes to extend current predictive models in the literature by considering coarse-grained variables related to Self-Regulated Learning (SRL). That is, using learners' self-reported SRL strategies and MOOC activity sequence patterns as predictors. Lineal and logistic regression modelling were used as a first approach of prediction with data collected from N = 2,035 learners who took a self-paced MOOC in Coursera. We identified two groups of learners: (1) Comprehensive, who follow the course path designed by the teacher; and (2) Targeting, who seek for the information required to pass assessments. For both type of learners, we found a group of variables as the most predictive: (1) the self-reported SRL strategies 'goal setting', 'strategic planning', 'elaboration' and 'help seeking'; (2) the activity sequences patterns 'only assessment', 'complete a video-lecture and try an assessment', 'explore the content' and 'try an assessment followed by a video-lecture'; and (3) learners' prior experience, together with the self-reported interest in course assessments, and the number of active days and time spent in the platform. These results show how to predict with more accuracy when students reach a certain status taking in to consideration not only low-level data, but complex data such as their SRL strategies.
Proceeding of: 13th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2018, Leeds, UK, September 3-5, 2018.
Self-regulated learning, Prediction, Massive Open Online Courses, MOOCs, Achievement, Success
Bibliographic citation
Pammer-Schindler V., et al. (eds.).(2018) Lifelong Technology Enhanced Learning: 13th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2018, Leeds, UK, September 3-5, 2018. Proceedings, (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 11082). Springer, (pp. 355-369).