Integration of free-hand 3D ultrasound and mobile C-arm cone-beam CT: Feasibility and characterization for real-time guidance of needle insertione

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This work presents development of an integrated ultrasound (US)-cone-beam CT (CBCT) system for image-guided needle interventions, combining a low-cost ultrasound system (Interson VC 7.5 MHz, Pleasanton, CA) with a mobile C-arm for fluoroscopy and CBCT via use of a surgical tracker. Imaging performance of the ultrasound system was characterized in terms of depth-dependent contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and spatial resolution. US-CBCT system was evaluated in phantom studies simulating three needle-based procedures: drug delivery, tumor ablation, and lumbar puncture. Low-cost ultrasound provided flexibility but exhibited modest CNR and spatial resolution that is likely limited to fairly superficial applications within a 10 cm depth of view. Needle tip localization demonstrated target registration error 2.1-3.0 mm using fiducial-based registration.
Ultrasound, Cone-beam CT, C-arm imaging, Image-guided procedures, Target registration error
Bibliographic citation
Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, (2017), v. 58, pp.: 13-22.