The effect of cesium dopant on APCVD graphene coating on copper

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This study reports in-situ cesium-doped graphene (G/Cs) coating obtained by introducingCs2CO3into the atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) furnace dur-ing graphene deposition on copper. The successful Cs-doping of the graphene coating wasconfirmed via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). As compared to the spectra of puregraphene coating, the XPS spectra of the G/Cs coating revealed a shift of the C1s and Cs3d5/2peaks to higher and lower binding energies, respectively; thus, implying the n-type charac-ter of the doping and indicating a charge transfer between Cs and graphene. Raman resultsshow that a pure graphene coating is composed of fewer layers, fewer defects, and largerdomain size than the G/Cs coating. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy was utilized tostudy the work function of graphene and the G/Cs and revealed that doping graphene withCs dopants reduced the work function of graphene by 1.2 eV. Electrochemical testing during15-day immersion in 0.1 M NaCl indicated the destructive effect of the G/Cs coating on theCu substrate. The results showed that the G/Cs coating exhibits a higher corrosion rate andlower corrosion resistance than even the bare metal itself.
Graphene, Doping, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, EIS, Polarization
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Naghdi, S., Nešović, K., Sánchez-Arriaga, G., Song, H. Y., Kim, S. W., Rhee, K. Y. & Mišković-Stanković, V. (2020). The effect of cesium dopant on APCVD graphene coating on copper. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 9(5), 9798–9812.