RT Journal Article
T1 Symmetries shape the current in ratchets Induced by a biharmonic driving force
A1 Quintero, Niurka R.
A1 Cuesta, José A.
A1 Álvarez Nodarse, Renato
AB Equations describing the evolution of particles, solitons, or localized structures, driven by a zero-average, periodic, external force, and invariant under time reversal and a half-period time shift, exhibit a ratchet current when the driving force breaks these symmetries. The biharmonic force f(t)=ϵ₁cos(qωt + ϕ₁)+ϵ₂ cos(pωt + ϕ₂) does it for almost any choice of ϕ₁ and ϕ₂, provided p and q are two coprime integers such that p + q is odd. It has been widely observed, in experiments in semiconductors, in Josephson junctions, photonic crystals, etc., as well as in simulations, that the ratchet current induced by this force has the shape vαε_1^p ε_2^q cos(pϕ₁−qϕ₂+θ₀) for small amplitudes, where θ₀ depends on the damping (θ₀ = π/2 if there is no damping, and θ₀ = 0 for overdamped systems). We rigorously prove that this precise shape can be obtained solely from the broken symmetries of the system and is independent of the details of the equation describing the system.
PB American Physical Society
SN 1539-3755
YR 2010
FD 2010-03
LK https://hdl.handle.net/10016/18953
UL https://hdl.handle.net/10016/18953
LA eng
NO We acknowledge financial support through Grant Nos. MTM2006-13000-C03-02 (R.A.N.) No. FIS2008-02380/FIS (N.Q.R), and MOSAICO (J.A.C.), from Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, Spain; Grant Nos. FQM262 (R.A.N.), No. FQM207 (N.Q.R.), and No. P03-FQM262 (R.A.N.), from Junta de Andalucía, Spain; and project MODELICO-CM (J.A.C.) from Comunidad de Madrid, Spain.
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RD 8 ago. 2024