Employment concentration across U.S. counties

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dc.contributor.author Desmet, Klaus
dc.contributor.author Fafchamps, Marcel
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-17T13:22:06Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-17T13:22:06Z
dc.date.issued 2006-07
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2006, v. 36, n. 4, pp. 482-509
dc.identifier.issn 0166-0462
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/4798
dc.description.abstract This paper examines the spatial distribution of jobs across U.S. counties between 1970 and 2000, and investigates whether sectoral employment is becoming more or less concentrated. The existing literature has found deconcentration (convergence) of employment across urban areas. Cities only cover a small part of the U.S. though. Using county data, our results indicate that deconcentration is limited to the upper tail of the distribution. The overall picture is one of increasing concentration (divergence). While this seemingly contradicts the well documented deconcentration in manufacturing, we show that these aggregate employment dynamics are driven by services. Non-service sectors – such as manufacturing and farming – are indeed becoming more equally spread across space, but services are becoming increasingly concentrated.
dc.description.sponsorship Financial aid from the Spanish Ministry of Education (SEJ2005-05831), the Ramón y Cajal program, the Comunidad de Madrid (06/0096/2003), and the Fundación Ramón Areces is gratefully acknowledged
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights © Elsevier
dc.subject.other Spatial distribution of employment
dc.subject.other Ergodic distributions
dc.subject.other U.S. counties
dc.subject.other Economic geography
dc.title Employment concentration across U.S. counties
dc.type article
dc.type.review PeerReviewed
dc.description.status Publicado
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2006.03.004
dc.subject.jel R11
dc.subject.jel R12
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2006.03.004
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 482
dc.identifier.publicationissue 4
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 509
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Regional Science and Urban Economics
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 36
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