To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?

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Show simple item record Roemer, John E. Aaberge, Rolf Colombino, Ugo Fritzell, Johan Jenkins, Stephen P. Lefranc, Arnaud Marx, Ive Page, Marianne Pommer, Evert Ruiz-Castillo, Javier San Segundo, María Jesús Tranaes, Torben Trannoy, Alain Wagner, Gert G. Zubiri, Ignacio 2009-11-23T15:16:08Z 2009-11-23T15:16:08Z 2003-03
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Journal of Public Economics, 2003, v. 87, n. 3-4, pp.539-565
dc.identifier.issn 0047-2727
dc.description.abstract This paper employs the theory of equality of opportunity, described in Roemer’s book (Equality of Opportunity, Harvard University Press, 1998), to compute the extent to which tax-and-transfer regimes in 11 countries equalize opportunities among citizens for income acquisition. Roughly speaking, equality of opportunity for incomes has been achieved in a country when it is the case that the distributions of post-fisc income are the same for different types of citizen, where a citizen’s type is defined by the socio-economic status of his parents. Intuitively, a country will have equalized opportunity if the chances of earning high (or low) income are equal for citizens from all family backgrounds. Of course, pre-fisc income distributions, by type, will not be identical, as long as the educational system does not entirely make up for the disadvantage that children, who come from poor families face, but the tax-and-transfer system can play a role in rectifying that inequality. We include, in our computation, two numbers that summarize the extent to which each country’s current fiscal regime achieves equalization of opportunities for income, and the deadweight loss that would be incurred by moving to the regime that does.
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights ©Elsevier
dc.subject.other Fiscal regimes
dc.subject.other Equal opportunities
dc.subject.other Income acquisition
dc.title To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?
dc.type article PeerReviewed
dc.description.status Publicado
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/S0047-2727(01)00145-1
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 539
dc.identifier.publicationissue 3-4
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 565
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Journal of Public Economics
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 87
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