Terrorism, belief formation, and residential integration: population dynamics in the aftermath of the 2004 Madrid terror bombings

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dc.contributor.author Sandell, Frank Rickard
dc.contributor.author Edling, Christofer
dc.contributor.author Rydgren, Jens
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-26T16:59:37Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-26T16:59:37Z
dc.date.issued 2016-09-01
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Edling, C., Rydgren, J., & Sandell, R. (2016). Terrorism, Belief Formation, and Residential Integration. American Behavioral Scientist, 60 (10), pp. 1215-1231.
dc.identifier.issn 0002-7642
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/34627
dc.description.abstract In this article, we study the effects of the 2004 terrorist bombings in Madrid on ethnic segregation in Spain. Using large-scale Spanish register data consisting of information on 5.4 million international migration events on a monthly basis and 13.9 million intermunicipal migration events, of which 3.8 million events concern the foreign-born population's internal migration within Spain, the analyses show that ethnic segregation increased (i.e., the average geographical distance) between Arab immigrants and native Spaniards shortly after the terror bombing, but that no such effect was found for other immigrant groups. The analysis also shows that this was a relative short-term effect: After about 1 or 2 years, ethnic segregation started to decline again (and thus resumed the declining trend that was observed during the years before the terrorist bombing). We interpret these results in terms of belief formation mechanisms. Because of priming and framing effects, the terrorist bombings accentuated the salience of ethnic categorizations and induced threat-attributing ethnic stereotypes, which were influencing migration behaviors. However, not only did native Spaniards become more reluctant to live in close proximity to Arab immigrants, Arab migrants also became more inclined to move closer to coethnics, possibly because of a perceived threat to become victims of discriminatory behaviors of the majority population. Priming and framing affects abated after a while, and migration behaviors started to return to normal again. Finally, we discuss a variety of survey data to substantiate the argument that belief formation mechanisms played an important role in these processes.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.rights © The Authors
dc.subject.other Terrorism
dc.subject.other Belief formation
dc.subject.other Residential integration
dc.subject.other Segregation
dc.subject.other Immigrants
dc.subject.other Attitudes
dc.subject.other Spain
dc.title Terrorism, belief formation, and residential integration: population dynamics in the aftermath of the 2004 Madrid terror bombings
dc.type article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764216643127
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 1215
dc.identifier.publicationissue 10
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 1231
dc.identifier.publicationtitle AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 60
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000018126
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