How integrated are immigrants?

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Show simple item record Sandell, Frank Rickard Contucci, Pierluigi 2022-04-25T17:34:54Z 2022-04-25T17:34:54Z 2015-12-15
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Sandell, R., & Contucci, P. (2015). How integrated are immigrants? Demographic Research, 33, pp. 1271-1280.
dc.identifier.issn 1435-9871
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND. The successful integration of immigrants is seen as a principal means to secure economic growth and welfare in many countries. Success in this task depends on the capacity to formulate effective integration policies, which in turn is based on research capable of describing and explaining the integration process properly. OBJECTIVE Our objective is to define a conceptual and quantifiable measure of full immigrant integration. This enables a quantitative evaluation of how integrated immigrants are in a specific context in an immigrant - native system - a question poorly addressed by past research. METHODS Our approach consists of looking at the functional dependency of different integration quantifiers on immigrant density. The empirical analysis uses register data from Spain. We focus on social integration and labour market integration in formal employment. RESULTS In our empirical analysis we find dramatic differences in immigrant integration levels across integration contexts. While labour market integration approaches the level of full integration, social integration quickly declines as immigration levels surge. It is shown that these differences are primarily due to the presence of social network effects in the social integration process, absent in the labour market integration process. CONCLUSIONS Proper identification of integration deficits and its causes is likely to improve the efficiency of integration policy making, and the capacity to reach integration targets. Our framework has this quality. The research presented here shows that full labour market integration of immigrants is a realistic target. However, it also shows that, if left unattended, the segregation forces contained in social networks, quite dramatically obstruct the social integration process.
dc.description.sponsorship Pierluigi Contucci acknowledges partial support from FIRB grant RBFR10N90W and from PRIN grant 2010HXAW77. Rickard Sandell acknowledges partial financial suport from the projects “Migration And Care/Domestic Work In Two Institutional Contexts: A Multi-Tier Design 2012–2016”, granted by The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation (P11- 1111:1), and “Competition Adaptation and Labour-Market Attainment of International Migrants in Europe (CALMA)” granted by the VI National Plan for Scientific Research, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (CSO2012-38521).
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
dc.rights © 2015 Pierluigi Contucci & Rickard Sandell
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial 3.0 España
dc.subject.other Immigration
dc.subject.other Integration
dc.subject.other Intermarriage
dc.subject.other Interpartnership
dc.subject.other Labor market integration
dc.subject.other Social interaction
dc.subject.other Social networks
dc.title How integrated are immigrants?
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Sociología
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. CSO2012-38521
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 1271
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 1280
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Demographic Research
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 33
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000017541
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (España)
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