On gender gaps and self-fulfilling expectations: Theory, policies and some empirical evidence

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dc.contributor.author Dolado, Juan José
dc.contributor.author Rica, Sara de la
dc.contributor.author García-Peñalosa, Cecilia
dc.date.accessioned 2009-01-26T12:29:19Z
dc.date.available 2009-01-26T12:29:19Z
dc.date.issued 2008-06
dc.identifier.issn 1696-750X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/3458
dc.description.abstract This paper considers a simple model of self-fulfilling expectations that leads to a multiple equilibrium of gender gaps in wages and participation rates. Rather than resorting to moral hazard problems related to unobservable effort, like in most of the related literature, our model fully relies on statistical discrimination. If firms believe that women will quit their jobs more often than equally productive men when shocks affecting household chores take place, our model predicts that this belief will increase the wage gap in favour of men which, in turn, will increase the female share of housework and exacerbate lower female participation in the labour market. Hence, both effects lead to a gendered equilibrium with large gaps, even though an ungendered equilibrium with no gaps is feasible. We examine the effects of gender-based and gender-neutral subsidies and find that the latter are more effective in removing the gendered equilibrium. Empirical analysis based on a time use survey for Spain is provided to test most of the implications of the model.
dc.description.sponsorship Banco de Santander
dc.format.mimetype text/html
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher FEDEA
dc.relation.ispartofseries Documentos de trabajo
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2008-24
dc.subject.other Gender wage gap
dc.subject.other Participation
dc.subject.other Multiple equilibria
dc.title On gender gaps and self-fulfilling expectations: Theory, policies and some empirical evidence
dc.type workingPaper
dc.relation.publisherversion http://www.fedea.es/pub/papers/2008/dt2008-24.pdf
dc.subject.jel J16
dc.subject.jel J71
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
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