Action Sounds Informing Own Body Perception Influence Gender Identity and Social Cognition

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dc.contributor.author Clausen, Sünje
dc.contributor.author Tajadura Jiménez, Ana
dc.contributor.author Janssen, Christian P.
dc.contributor.author Bianchi-Berthouze, Nadia
dc.date.accessioned 2022-03-11T11:17:20Z
dc.date.available 2022-03-11T11:17:20Z
dc.date.issued 2021-07-28
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Clausen, S., Tajadura-Jiménez, A., Janssen, C. P., & Bianchi-Berthouze, N. (2021). Action Sounds Informing Own Body Perception Influence Gender Identity and Social Cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 15.
dc.identifier.issn 1662-5161
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/34335
dc.description.abstract Sensory information can temporarily affect mental body representations. For example, in Virtual Reality (VR), visually swapping into a body with another sex can temporarily alter perceived gender identity. Outside of VR, real-time auditory changes to walkers’ footstep sounds can affect perceived body weight and masculinity/femininity. Here, we investigate whether altered footstep sounds also impact gender identity and relation to gender groups. In two experiments, cisgender participants (26 females, 26 males) walked with headphones which played altered versions of their own footstep sounds that sounded more typically male or female. Baseline and post-intervention measures quantified gender identity [Implicit Association Test (IAT)], relation to gender groups [Inclusion of the Other-in-the-Self (IOS)], and perceived masculinity/femininity. Results show that females felt more feminine and closer to the group of women (IOS) directly after walking with feminine sounding footsteps. Similarly, males felt more feminine after walking with feminine sounding footsteps and associated themselves relatively stronger with “female” (IAT). The findings suggest that gender identity is temporarily malleable through auditory-induced own body illusions. Furthermore, they provide evidence for a connection between body perception and an abstract representation of the Self, supporting the theory that bodily illusions affect social cognition through changes in the self-concept.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by ESRC grant ES/K001477/1 (“The hearing body”) and by Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad of Spain Grant RYC-2014-15421 to AT-J, and by the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación “MAGIC outFIT” grant (PID2019-105579RB-I00/AEI/10.13039/501100011033).
dc.format.extent 14
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers Media
dc.rights © 2021 Clausen, Tajadura-Jiménez, Janssen and Bianchi-Berthouze.
dc.rights Atribución 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Body perception
dc.subject.other Body representation
dc.subject.other Gender identity
dc.subject.other Implicit association test (Iat)
dc.subject.other Multisensory perception
dc.subject.other Own body illusion
dc.subject.other Self-concept
dc.subject.other Sound
dc.title Action Sounds Informing Own Body Perception Influence Gender Identity and Social Cognition
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Psicología
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2021.688170
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. RYC-2014-15421
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PID2019-105579RB-I00/AEI/10.13039/501100011033
dc.relation.projectID
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 1
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 14
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 15
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000028831
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (España)
dc.contributor.funder Agencia Estatal de Investigación (España)
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