Laminar flow and pressure loss in planar Tee joints: Numerical simulations and flow analysis

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dc.contributor.author Patiño Jaramillo, Gustavo A.
dc.contributor.author Iglesias Estradé, María Inmaculada
dc.contributor.author Vera Coello, Marcos
dc.date.accessioned 2022-02-23T09:40:44Z
dc.date.issued 2022-03
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Patiño-Jaramillo, G. A., Iglesias, I. & Vera, M. (2022). Laminar flow and pressure loss in planar Tee joints: Numerical simulations and flow analysis. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, 92, 75–89.
dc.identifier.issn 0997-7546
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/34212
dc.description.abstract This paper presents a numerical investigation of the laminar flow and pressure drop characteristics of planar Tee joints, a canonical flow of interest for the thermal-hydraulic design of oil-immersed power transformer windings. After formulating the problem in nondimensional form, the steady, constant property flow in planar 90◦ Tee joints is computed numerically by integrating the Navier–Stokes equations with fully developed upstream and downstream boundary conditions. The analysis assumes a straight-through configuration in which the straight duct holds flow in the same direction before and after the junction, whereas the flow in the side branch can either divide from the incoming flow or combine with it. The analysis starts with the description of the flow patterns that emerge in the dividing and combining flow cases for all mass split ratios, 0 ≤ m˙ 1 ≤ 1, and a wide range of straight duct to side branch width ratios, 1 ≤ α ≤ 3, and Reynolds numbers of the common branch, 0 < Re3 ≤ 200, representative of the cooling oil flow in oil-immersed transformer winding. Flow maps for planar Tee joints are then presented, showing the existence of different regions in the (Re3, m˙ 1)-plane that exhibit different number and location of recirculation zones. Pressure distributions and secondary loss coefficients are then computed and analyzed, providing a numerical database that is used to develop new local pressure loss correlations for planar Tee joints in an accompanying paper.
dc.format.extent 15
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights © 2021 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Tee joints
dc.subject.other Dividing and combining flows
dc.subject.other Recirculation zones
dc.subject.other Laminar flow maps
dc.subject.other Pressure distribution
dc.subject.other Transformer windings
dc.title Laminar flow and pressure loss in planar Tee joints: Numerical simulations and flow analysis
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Ingeniería Industrial
dc.subject.eciencia Ingeniería Mecánica
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechflu.2021.10.008
dc.rights.accessRights embargoedAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 75
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 89
dc.identifier.publicationtitle European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 92
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000029219
carlosiii.embargo.liftdate 2024-03-01
carlosiii.embargo.terms 2024-03-01
dc.affiliation.dpto UC3M. Departamento de Ingeniería Térmica y de Fluidos
dc.affiliation.grupoinv UC3M. Grupo de Investigación: Mecánica de Fluidos
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