Analysis of the influence of temperature and gas humidity on the performance stability of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

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Show simple item record Sanchez, Daniel G. Ruiu, Tiziana Friedrich, K. Andreas Sánchez Monreal, Juan Vera Coello, Marcos 2022-02-17T10:55:02Z 2022-02-17T10:55:02Z 2016-01
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Sanchez, D. G., Ruiu, T., Friedrich, K. A., Sanchez-Monreal, J. & Vera, M. (2016). Analysis of the Influence of Temperature and Gas Humidity on the Performance Stability of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 163(3), F150-F159.
dc.identifier.issn 0013-4651
dc.description.abstract Adequate water management represents one of the main challenges in the design and operation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. In this work, the influence of inlet gas humidification on cell performance is investigated by in-situ current density measurements obtained using the segmented cell approach. Particular attention is paid to the combined effect of cell temperature and relative humidity of the anode and cathode feed streams. When operated at 80 degrees C and low humidity conditions, the cell is seen to undergo a severe voltage decline that is not observed at 60 degrees C. The analysis shows that the variation with temperature of the water uptake rate of the gaseous streams plays a key role in determining the observed differences in performance stability. In the case of 60 degrees C operation, the water uptake rate of the cathode stream at 50% inlet relative humidity is roughly 30% of its value at 80 degrees C at the same humidification level, resulting in a significantly lower drying capacity. A simple balance of water model, able to explain the observed cell behavior, is finally presented and discussed.
dc.description.sponsorship This work has been partially supported by the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-20013) for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative under grants no 303446 and 325239, and by Project ENE2011-24574 of the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad. Authors would also like to thank H. Sander at DLR and P. García-Ibarra at the Dept. de Física Matemática y de Fluidos (UNED) for helpful suggestions and discussions.
dc.format.extent 11
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher IOP Publishing
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2015. Published by ECS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY,, which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights Atribución 3.0 España
dc.subject.other Proton exchange membrane
dc.subject.other Low cathode humidification
dc.subject.other Water transport
dc.subject.other Relative humidity
dc.subject.other Diffusion layers
dc.subject.other Impedance spectroscopy
dc.subject.other Current density
dc.subject.other PEFC
dc.subject.other PEMFC
dc.subject.other Stack
dc.title Analysis of the influence of temperature and gas humidity on the performance stability of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Ingeniería Mecánica
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. ENE2011-24574
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/303446
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/325239
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 150
dc.identifier.publicationissue 3
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 159
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Journal of The Electrochemical Society
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 163
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000017786
dc.contributor.funder European Commission
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (España)
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