Live migration of virtual machine and container based mobile core network components: A comprehensive study

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dc.contributor.author Ramanathan, Shunmugapriya
dc.contributor.author Kondepu, Koteswararao
dc.contributor.author Razo, Miguel
dc.contributor.author Tacca, Marco
dc.contributor.author Valcarenghi, Luca
dc.contributor.author Fumagalli, Andrea
dc.date.accessioned 2022-02-10T10:19:43Z
dc.date.available 2022-02-10T10:19:43Z
dc.date.issued 2021-07-26
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Ramanathan, S., Kondepu, K., Razo, M., Tacca, M., Valcarenghi, L. & Fumagalli, A. (2021). Live Migration of Virtual Machine and Container Based Mobile Core Network Components: A Comprehensive Study. IEEE Access, 9, 105082–105100.
dc.identifier.issn 2169-3536
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/34089
dc.description.abstract With the increasing demand for openness, flexibility, and monetization, the Network Function Virtualization (NFV) of mobile network functions has become the embracing factor for most mobile network operators. Early reported field deployments of virtualized Evolved Packet Core (EPC) - the core network (CN) component of 4G LTE and 5G non-standalone mobile networks - reflect this growing trend. To best meet the requirements of power management, load balancing, and fault tolerance in the cloud environment, the need for live migration of these virtualized components cannot be shunned. Virtualization platforms of interest include both Virtual Machines (VMs) and Containers, with the latter option offering more lightweight characteristics. This paper's first contribution is the proposal of a framework that enables migration of containerised virtual EPC components using an open-source migration solution which does not fully support the mobile network protocol stack yet. The second contribution is an experimental-based comprehensive analysis of live migration in two virtualization technologies - VM and Container - with the additional scrutinization on the container migration approach. The presented experimental comparison accounts for several system parameters and configurations: flavor (image) size, network characteristics, processor hardware architecture model, and the CPU load of the backhaul network components. The comparison reveals that the live migration completion time and also the end-user service interruption time of the virtualized EPC components is reduced approximately by 70% in the container platform when using the proposed framework.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported in part by the NSF under Grant CNS-1405405, Grant CNS-1409849, Grant ACI-1541461, and Grant CNS-1531039T; and in part by the EU Commission through the 5GROWTH Project under Grant 856709.
dc.format.extent 19
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher IEEE
dc.rights © The authors, 2021. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
dc.rights Atribución 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other C-RAN
dc.subject.other virtual EPC
dc.subject.other VM
dc.subject.other Docker
dc.subject.other container
dc.subject.other live migration
dc.subject.other CRIU
dc.subject.other CloudLab
dc.subject.other OAI
dc.title Live migration of virtual machine and container based mobile core network components: A comprehensive study
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Telecomunicaciones
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3099370
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/856709
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 105082
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 105100
dc.identifier.publicationtitle IEEE Access
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 9
dc.contributor.funder European Commission
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