Implementation of a miniaturized planar tri-band microstrip patch antenna for wireless sensors in mobile applications

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Show simple item record Elkorany, Ahmed Saad Mousa, Alyaa Nehru Ahmad, Sarosh Saleeb, Demyana Adel Ghaffar, Adnan Soruri, Mohammad Dalarsson, Mariana Alibakhshikenari, Mohammad Limiti, Ernesto 2022-01-31T10:15:33Z 2022-01-31T10:15:33Z 2022-01-02
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Elkorany, A. S., Mousa, A. N., Ahmad, S., Saleeb, D. A., Ghaffar, A., Soruri, M., Dalarsson, M., Alibakhshikenari, M. & Limiti, E. (2022). Implementation of a Miniaturized Planar Tri-Band Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Sensors in Mobile Applications. Sensors, 22(2), 667.
dc.identifier.issn 1424-8220
dc.description This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Antenna Technology in Sensors.
dc.description.abstract Antennas in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are characterized by the enhanced capacity of the network, longer range of transmission, better spatial reuse, and lower interference. In this paper, we propose a planar patch antenna for mobile communication applications operating at 1.8, 3.5, and 5.4 GHz. A planar microstrip patch antenna (MPA) consists of two F-shaped resonators that enable operations at 1.8 and 3.5 GHz while operation at 5.4 GHz is achieved when the patch is truncated from the middle. The proposed planar patch is printed on a low-cost FR-4 substrate that is 1.6 mm in thickness. The equivalent circuit model is also designed to validate the reflection coefficient of the proposed antenna with the S11 obtained from the circuit model. It contains three RLC (resistor–inductor–capacitor) circuits for generating three frequency bands for the proposed antenna. Thereby, we obtained a good agreement between simulation and measurement results. The proposed antenna has an elliptically shaped radiation pattern at 1.8 and 3.5 GHz, while the broadside directional pattern is obtained at the 5.4 GHz frequency band. At 1.8, 3.5, and 5.4 GHz, the simulated peak realized gains of 2.34, 5.2, and 1.42 dB are obtained and compared to the experimental peak realized gains of 2.22, 5.18, and 1.38 dB at same frequencies. The results indicate that the proposed planar patch antenna can be utilized for mobile applications such as digital communication systems (DCS), worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX), and wireless local area networks (WLAN).
dc.description.sponsorship The authors appreciate the financial support from Universidad Carlos III de Madridand and the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant 801538.
dc.format.extent 13
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.rights © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
dc.rights Atribución 3.0 España
dc.subject.other Triband antenna
dc.subject.other Wireless sensors
dc.subject.other Planar patch antenna
dc.subject.other Mobile applications
dc.subject.other DCS
dc.subject.other WLAN
dc.subject.other WiMAX
dc.title Implementation of a miniaturized planar tri-band microstrip patch antenna for wireless sensors in mobile applications
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Telecomunicaciones
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/COFUND-GA-2017-801538
dc.relation.projectID Internacional. COFUND-GA-2017-801538
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 667
dc.identifier.publicationissue 2
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Sensors
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 22
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000029712
dc.contributor.funder European Commission
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