Compact broadband antenna with Vicsek fractal slots for WLAN and WiMAX applications

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dc.contributor.author Benkhadda, Omaima
dc.contributor.author Ahmad, Sarosh
dc.contributor.author Saih, Mohamed
dc.contributor.author Chaji, Kebir
dc.contributor.author Reha, Abdelati
dc.contributor.author Ghaffar, Adnan
dc.contributor.author Khan, Salahuddin
dc.contributor.author Alibakhshikenari, Mohammad
dc.contributor.author Limiti, Ernesto
dc.date.accessioned 2022-01-31T09:41:12Z
dc.date.available 2022-01-31T09:41:12Z
dc.date.issued 2022-02-01
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Benkhadda, O., Ahmad, S., Saih, M., Chaji, K., Reha, A., Ghaffar, A., Khan, S., Alibakhshikenari, M. & Limiti, E. (2022). Compact Broadband Antenna with Vicsek Fractal Slots for WLAN and WiMAX Applications. Applied Sciences, 12(3), 1142.
dc.identifier.issn 2076-3417
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/33993
dc.description This article belongs to the Special Issue Photonic Technologies and Systems Enabling 6G.
dc.description.abstract This paper aims to design a compact broadband antenna for wireless local area network (WLAN) and worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WIMAX) applications. The suggested antenna consists of an octagonal radiator with Vicsek fractal slots and a partial ground plane, it is printed on FR-4 dielectric substrate, and its global dimension is 50 × 50 × 1.6 mm3. The antenna is designed and constructed using both CST MICROWAVE STUDIO® and CADFEKO electromagnetic solver, and in order to validate the acquired simulation results, the antenna is manufactured and tested using vector network analyzer E5071C. The measurement results show that the designed antenna attains a broadband bandwidth (S11 < −10 dB) from 2.48 to 6.7 GHz resonating at 3.6 and 5.3 GHz, respectively. The broadband bandwidth covers the two required bands: WiMAX at the frequencies 2.3/2.5/3.3/3.5/5/5.5 GHz and WLAN at the frequencies 3.6/2.4–2.5/4.9–5.9 GHz. In addition, the suggested antenna provides good gains of 2.78 dBi and 5.32 dBi, omnidirectional measured radiation patterns in the E-plane and the H-plane and high efficiencies of 88.5% and 84.6% at the resonant frequencies. A close agreement of about 90% between simulation and measurement results is noticed.
dc.description.sponsorship The authors appreciate the funding from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant 801538. In addition the partial support from the Researchers Supporting Project number (RSP-2021/58), King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, is acknowledged.
dc.format.extent 14
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.rights © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
dc.rights Atribución 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Broadband
dc.subject.other Octagonal microstrip patch antenna
dc.subject.other Vicsek fractal
dc.subject.other WLAN
dc.subject.other WiMAX
dc.title Compact broadband antenna with Vicsek fractal slots for WLAN and WiMAX applications
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Telecomunicaciones
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/app12031142
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/COFUND-GA-2017-801538
dc.relation.projectID Internacional. COFUND-GA-2017-801538
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 1142
dc.identifier.publicationissue 3
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Applied Sciences
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 12
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000029711
dc.contributor.funder European Commission
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