Nutritional status of Ugandan school-children: The effect of age imprecision

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Show simple item record Comandini, Ornella Cabras, Stefano Ssensamba, Jude T. Bukenya, Justine N. Cipriano, Alessandro Carmignani, Giovanni Carmignani, Gabriele Marini, Elisabetta
dc.coverage.spatial 1.3942814276442876x32.60991617172397 2021-07-12T08:35:31Z 2021-07-12T08:35:31Z 2019-09
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Comandini, O., Cabras, S., Ssensamba, J. T., Bukenya, J. N., Cipriano, A., Carmignani, G., Carmignani, G. & Marini, E. (2019). Nutritional status of Ugandan school‐children: The effect of age imprecision. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 170(1), pp. 88–97
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9483
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: To analyze the nutritional status of Ugandan school-children in a cross-sectional and longitudinal perspective, considering the effect of age imprecision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropometric measurements of 831 school-children (381 males and 450 females) were analyzed. A subsample of 246 children was measured in July 2014 and 2015. Stunting (based on height-for-age Z-scores), underweight (weight-for-age), and thinness (body mass index-for-age) prevalence were calculated. Three different ages were used: declared (from schools registers), attributed (based on multiple information sources), and bootstrap (from 10,000 replicates). Significant differences among malnutrition prevalence calculated with different ages and in different groups were assessed by means of bootstrap analysis. Longitudinal analysis was conducted using a paired t test. RESULTS: The mean prevalence of malnutrition calculated with declared, attributed, or bootstrap ages were very similar: stunting (11.9–12.7); underweight (5.4–5.9); thinness (3.3–3.7); and obesity (0.7). Undernutrition was more prevalent among older children, while obesity was mostly associated with young age. Obesity was equally distributed among sexes, while undernutrition was more prevalent among females of up to 10 years of age and males above 10 years. The longitudinal analysis indicated a reduction in underweight and thinness, and an increase in stunting, especially among older children. DISCUSSION: Age imprecision did not significantly affect malnutrition estimates. Despite the decline in the prevalence of thinness and underweight observed over a 1-year period, undernutrition persists, with an observed rise in stunting. On the other hand, obesity is starting to appear. Public health efforts are required to eliminate stunting and address the emerging burden of obesity.
dc.format.extent 10
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.rights © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
dc.subject.other Age error
dc.subject.other Malnutrition
dc.subject.other School-children
dc.subject.other Uganda
dc.title Nutritional status of Ugandan school-children: The effect of age imprecision
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Estadística
dc.subject.eciencia Medicina
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 88
dc.identifier.publicationissue 1
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 97
dc.identifier.publicationtitle American Journal of Physical Anthropology
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 170
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000027622
dc.affiliation.dpto UC3M. Departamento de Estadística
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