Land reform and rural conflict: evidence from 1930s Spain

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dc.contributor.author Basco Mascaro, Sergi
dc.contributor.author Domènech Feliu, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Maravall Buckwalter, Laura
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-15T17:09:25Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-15T17:09:25Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-15
dc.identifier.issn 2341-2542
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/32377
dc.description.abstract We use a novel high-frequency, municipality-level dataset to examine the impact of land reform on rural conflict in 1930s Spain, a classical example of property rights reform in a developing economy. We distinguish between types of implementation and consider five types of conflicts: land invasions, peasant strikes, clashes, petty theft and attacks on land owner assets. By performing a differences-indifferences regression analysis, we document three main results. First, overall, land reform only increased the number of reported petty thefts, lasting around two years, followed by a reversion to pre-reform levels. Second, the effects of land reform depend on its implementation. A technical implementation was conducive, if anything, to fewer conflicts (clashes and attacks). In contrast, a more political implementation (which gave, on average, less land per peasant) increased reported petty theft sand, to a lower extent, attacks on owners'assets. Third, we provide suggestive evidence that the fall in income of settlers (the, a priori, benefficiaries) explains the increase in social conflict. Our results highlight the importance of the design and implementation of social policies, especially in the context of an agrarian economy.
dc.description.sponsorship Basco acknowledges fi nancial support from Catalan Agency for Management of University and Research Grants (2017SGR1301) and Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (PID2019-104723RB-I00). Domenech acknowledges fi nancial support from Spain's Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (PID2019-104869GB-100).
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Working Papers in Economic History
dc.relation.ispartofseries 21-08
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Property Rights
dc.subject.other Land Reform
dc.subject.other Conflict
dc.subject.other Interwar Europe
dc.subject.other Spain
dc.title Land reform and rural conflict: evidence from 1930s Spain
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.jel N54
dc.subject.jel O13
dc.subject.jel P14
dc.subject.jel Q10
dc.subject.jel Q24
dc.subject.jel Q28
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PID2019-104869GB-I00
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PID2019-104723RB-I00
dc.identifier.uxxi DT/0000001908
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (España)
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