Acoustic gain in solids due to piezoelectricity, flexoelectricity, and electrostriction

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dc.contributor.author Willatzen, Morten
dc.contributor.author Gao, Penglin
dc.contributor.author Christensen, Johan
dc.contributor.author Wang, Zhong Lin
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-11T09:36:16Z
dc.date.available 2021-09-24T23:00:05Z
dc.date.issued 2020-09-24
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Advanced Functional Materials, (2020), 30(39), 2003503, p.: 1-7.
dc.identifier.issn 1616-301X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/31575
dc.description.abstract A quantitative discussion of the combined influence of three electromechanical effects: piezoelectricity, flexoelectricity, and electrostriction in solids is provided for acoustic absorption and gain. While piezoelectricity occurs in non-centrosymmetric materials only, flexoelectricity and electrostriction exist in all materials. Two important new results are demonstrated: 1) the possibility to realize acoustic gain in all materials (centrosymmetric and non-centrosymmetric) when the acoustic Cherenkov condition is fulfilled, and 2) realization of acoustic gain in the presence of a strong dc electric field, even when the Cherenkov condition is not fulfilled, in the case of strong cross-coupling between piezoelectricity, flexoelectricity, and electrostriction. A simple analytical expression for the acoustic dispersion relation is derived for the combined effect of piezoelectricity, flexoelectricity, and electrostriction. At lower frequencies, the piezoelectric effect dominates for inversion-asymmetric materials. At high frequencies (˜>1 MHz) flexoelectricity becomes increasingly important and eventually provides a major mechanism for gain and absorption in barium titanate (BaTiO3). In the presence of strong electric fields (˜>1 MV m-1), electrostriction provides a dominant isolated contribution to absorption/gain in BaTiO3. Strong coupling between the three electromechanical contributions determines the total absorption/gain coefficient.
dc.format.extent 7
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley-VCH
dc.rights © 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
dc.subject.other Acoustic gain
dc.subject.other Cherenkov effect
dc.subject.other Electrostriction
dc.subject.other Piezoelectricity
dc.subject.other Flexoelectricity
dc.title Acoustic gain in solids due to piezoelectricity, flexoelectricity, and electrostriction
dc.type article
dc.description.status Publicado
dc.subject.eciencia Física
dc.subject.eciencia Materiales
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202003503
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 1
dc.identifier.publicationissue 39, 2003503
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 7
dc.identifier.publicationtitle ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 30
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000026434
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