Product quality or market regulation? Explaining the slow growth of Europe's wine cooperatives, 1880-1980

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dc.contributor.author Fernández, Eva
dc.contributor.author Simpson, James
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-02T10:18:05Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-02T10:18:05Z
dc.date.issued 2017-02-01
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Economic History Review, 2017, 70 (1), 122-142
dc.identifier.issn 0013-0117
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/31026
dc.description.abstract Wine cooperatives were relatively scarce in Europe before the Second World War, but by the 1980s accounted for more than half of all wines made in France, Italy, and Spain, the three major producer countries. Unlike Danish dairy cooperatives, whose success before the First World War was linked to their ability to improve product quality and compete in high-value niche markets, wine cooperatives are often associated with the production of large volumes of low-quality products. This article argues that the initial slow diffusion of wine cooperatives was caused by the difficulties of improving quality due to environmental conditions in European vineyards (terroir') and measurement problems, rather than institutional shortcomings. Cooperatives only became widespread when the state found them a useful instrument to regulate markets, especially after 1950. The problems associated with poor wine quality were never resolved, and cooperatives have become increasingly uncompetitive in the market place, especially following the major decline in per capita consumption and shift towards premium wines from the 1980s.
dc.description.sponsorship Financial assistance was provided by the Spanish government (ECO2012-36213) and Fundación Ramón Areces (‘Desigualdad and Conflicto’ Project).
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons
dc.rights © Economic History Society 2017
dc.subject.other Choice
dc.subject.other Spain
dc.title Product quality or market regulation? Explaining the slow growth of Europe's wine cooperatives, 1880-1980
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Historia
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1111/ehr.12338
dc.rights.accessRights closedAccess
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. ECO2012-36213
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 122
dc.identifier.publicationissue 1
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 142
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Economic History Review
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 70
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000019353
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (España)
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