Hard-body models of bulk liquid crystals

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dc.contributor.author Mederos, Luis
dc.contributor.author Velasco, Enrique
dc.contributor.author Martínez-Ratón, Yuri
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-14T17:08:42Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-14T17:08:42Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11-19
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, (2014), 26(46), 463101, pp.: 1-60.
dc.identifier.issn 0953-8984
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/30412
dc.description.abstract Hard models for particle interactions have played a crucial role in the understanding of the structure of condensed matter. In particular, they help to explain the formation of oriented phases in liquids made of anisotropic molecules or colloidal particles and continue to be of great interest in the formulation of theories for liquids in bulk, near interfaces and in biophysical environments. Hard models of anisotropic particles give rise to complex phase diagrams, including uniaxial and biaxial nematic phases, discotic phases and spatially ordered phases such as smectic, columnar or crystal. Also, their mixtures exhibit additional interesting behaviours where demixing competes with orientational order. Here we review the different models of hard particles used in the theory of bulk anisotropic liquids, leaving aside interfacial properties and discuss the associated theoretical approaches and computer simulations, focusing on applications in equilibrium situations. The latter include one-component bulk fluids, mixtures and polydisperse fluids, both in two and three dimensions, and emphasis is put on liquid-crystal phase transitions and complex phase behaviour in general.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was partially supported by grants MODELICO-CM/S2009ESP-1691 (Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain) and FIS2010-22047-C05-01, FIS2010-22047-C05-02 and FIS2010-22047-C05-04 (MINECO, Spain).
dc.format.extent 60
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher IOP
dc.rights © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
dc.subject.other Liquid crystals
dc.subject.other Phase transitions
dc.subject.other Hard-body models
dc.title Hard-body models of bulk liquid crystals
dc.type article
dc.description.status Publicado
dc.subject.eciencia Matemáticas
dc.subject.eciencia Materiales
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/26/46/463101
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID Comunidad de Madrid. S2009/ESP-1691/MODELICO
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2010-22047-C05-01
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2010-22047-C05-02
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2010-22047-C05-04
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 1
dc.identifier.publicationissue 46(463101)
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 60
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 26
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000015810
dc.contributor.funder Comunidad de Madrid
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (España)
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