Optimizing the number of electrodes and spatial filters for Brain-Computer Interfaces by means of an evolutionary multi-objective approach

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dc.contributor.author Aler, Ricardo
dc.contributor.author Galván, Inés M.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-07T09:51:44Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-07T09:51:44Z
dc.date.issued 2015-09-01
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Aler, R., Galván, I.M. (2015).Optimizing the number of electrodes and spatial filters for Brain–Computer Interfaces by means of an evolutionary multi-objective approach. Expert Systems with Applications, 42(15-16), pp. 6215-6223.
dc.identifier.issn 0957-4174
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/30339
dc.description.abstract Obtaining high accuracy classification from Brain Computer Interfaces require to attach many electrodes on the scalp of subjects. On the other hand, their placement on the scalp involves generally a laborious and time consuming process. Therefore, it is important for the practitioner to estimate how many electrodes, and which ones, are needed to obtain the required accuracy. With this purpose, a multi-objective formulation is proposed in order to obtain a set of solutions (Pareto front) that represent all the optimal tradeoffs between the number of channels and the classification accuracy, from where the practitioner can choose. Additionally, previous research has shown that classification accuracy highly depends on the proper tuning of the filter used to preprocess the electroencephalogram. Therefore, in this work, the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II is used for optimizing both the number of electrodes and the classification error, through the optimization of a spatial filter encoded in the solution. The fact that the filter is part of the solution allows to determine which electrodes are to be selected by using a simple threshold, instead of a long binary mask as in other approaches. Empirical results show that indeed, the simultaneous optimization of the spatial filter and selected electrodes is crucial to obtain a low classification error, compared to other approaches that reduce the number of electrodes but do not modify the filter.
dc.description.sponsorship This work has been funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science under contract TIN2011-28336 (MOVES project).
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Brain-computer interfaces
dc.subject.other Multi-objective optimization
dc.subject.other Electrode selection
dc.subject.other Spatial filters
dc.title Optimizing the number of electrodes and spatial filters for Brain-Computer Interfaces by means of an evolutionary multi-objective approach
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Informática
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2015.03.008
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. TIN2011-28336
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 6215
dc.identifier.publicationissue 15-16
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 6223
dc.identifier.publicationtitle EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 42
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000016927
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte (España)
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