Control of distributed renewable energy generation systems in converter-dominated microgrid applications

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dc.contributor.advisor Arnaltes Gómez, Santiago
dc.contributor.advisor Rodríguez Amenedo, José Luis Peña Asensio, Andrés 2020-03-09T12:22:38Z 2020-03-09T12:22:38Z 2019-03 2019-05-28
dc.description Mención Internacional en el título de doctor
dc.description.abstract There is a growing interest in the use of renewable Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) that increase the efficiency of the transmission system and reduce the ecological impact of renewable energy infrastructures. At the same time, they reduce the associated capital requirements, thus increasing the potential installation of renewable energy. Microgrids have been proposed as a solution to improve the integration of renewable DERs. By the use of advanced control techniques, they provide a reliable frame for DERs to support the power system operation. As such, Microgrids can be a promising solution to increase renewable energy penetration. However, since renewable DERs are usually interfaced by Power Electronic Converters (PECs), they do not provide the common stabilization characteristics of traditional generation interfaced by Synchronous Generators (SGs). Therefore, there are concerns about the stability of converter-dominated Microgrids. This Thesis focus on the specific requirements of PEC-interfaced renewable DERs operating in Microgrids. An overview of available solutions show that, for PECs to support the Microgrid operation in both grid-connected and islanded modes, they require a synchronizing mechanism that does not rely on the measurement of an external frequency. A promising alternative is to emulate the behavior of traditional SGs in the PEC control system with the so-called Virtual Synchronous Machine (VSM) solutions. The synchronization system underlying to these proposals is analyzed. A comparison with the use of traditional frequency measurement systems, namely Phase-Locked Loops (PLLs), in the support of the Microgrid power balance is addressed, showing that the PEC synchronization system has a direct effect on the Microgrid stability. The Thesis includes a new proposal to ensure synchronous operation based on the use reactive power, instead of active power as in VSMs, that does not require frequency measurements. A dynamic model of a grid-connected PEC is used to demonstrate that reactive power can be used to ensure synchronism. This Reactive Power Synchronization system is used to propose a solution for the black-start of Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECSs), so that they can contribute to the restoration of the power system following a blackout. The proposed control systems are validated with experimental results of a grid connected PEC and an isolated WECS.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.subject.other Renewable energy generation
dc.subject.other Distributed energy resources (DERs)
dc.subject.other Power electronic converters (PECs)
dc.subject.other Microgrids
dc.title Control of distributed renewable energy generation systems in converter-dominated microgrid applications
dc.type doctoralThesis
dc.subject.eciencia Electrónica
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess Programa Oficial de Doctorado en Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica y Automática por la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
dc.description.responsability Presidente: Luis Rouco Rodríguez.- Secretario: Emilio José Bueno Peña.- Vocal: Roberto Alves Baraciarte
dc.contributor.departamento Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica
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