Clean Energy Access : Gender Disparity, Health, and Labor Supply

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dc.contributor.author Verma, Anjali P.
dc.contributor.author Imelda, Imelda
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-18T17:55:37Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-18T17:55:37Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12-18
dc.identifier.issn 2340-5031
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/29397
dc.description.abstract Women are known to bear the largest share of health, time and labor supply burden associated with a lack of modern energy. In this paper, we study the impact of clean energy access on adult health and labor supply outcomes by exploiting a nationwide rollout of clean cooking fuel program in Indonesia. This program led to a large-scale fuel switching, from kerosene, a dirty fuel, to liquid petroleum gas, a significantly cleaner and efficient cooking fuel than kerosene. Using rich longitudinal survey data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey and the staggered structure of the program roll-out, we find that access to clean cooking fuel led to a significant improvement in women's health, particularly among those who spend most of their time indoors doing housework. We also find an increase in the labor supplied by these women on both intensive and extensive margins. This suggests that having clean and efficient cooking fuel may not only improve women's health but also improve their productivity, subsequently allowing them to supply more market labor. For men, we find an increase in the labor supplied only along the intensive margin, with a higher increase among men in households where women accrued the largest health and labor benefits from the program. These results highlight the role of clean energy in reducing gender-disparity in health and labor participation and point to the existence of positive externality from improved health and productivity of women on other members of the household.
dc.description.sponsorship Imelda gratefully acknowledges support from European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (772331)
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Working paper. Economics
dc.relation.ispartofseries 19-19
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Gender Inequality
dc.subject.other Energy Access
dc.subject.other Health
dc.subject.other Labor Supply
dc.subject.other Indonesia
dc.title Clean Energy Access : Gender Disparity, Health, and Labor Supply
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.jel H51
dc.subject.jel I15
dc.subject.jel I18
dc.subject.jel J22
dc.subject.jel O13
dc.subject.jel Q48
dc.subject.jel Q53
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eurepo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/772331
dc.type.version draft
dc.identifier.uxxi DT/0000001738
dc.contributor.funder European Commission
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