Resource heterogeneity leads to unjust effort distribution in climate change mitigation

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dc.contributor.author Vincens, Julian
dc.contributor.author Bueno Guerra, Nereida
dc.contributor.author Gutierrez Roig, Mario
dc.contributor.author Garcia Lazaro, Carlos
dc.contributor.author Gomez-Gardeñes, Jesus
dc.contributor.author Perello, Josep
dc.contributor.author Sánchez, Angel
dc.contributor.author Moreno, Yamir
dc.contributor.author Duch, Jordi
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-15T09:17:37Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-15T09:17:37Z
dc.date.issued 2018-10-31
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Vicens, J., Bueno-Guerra, N., Gutiérrez-Roig, M., Gracia-Lázaro, C., Gómez-Gardeñes, J., Perelló, J., . . . Duch, J. (2018) Resource heterogeneity leads to unjust effort distribution in climate change mitigation. PLoS ONE 13(10): e0204369.
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/28600
dc.description.abstract Climate change mitigation is a shared global challenge that involves collective action of a set of individuals with different tendencies to cooperation. However, we lack an understanding of the effect of resource inequality when diverse actors interact together towards a common goal. Here, we report the results of a collective-risk dilemma experiment in which groups of individuals were initially given either equal or unequal endowments. We found that the effort distribution was highly inequitable, with participants with fewer resources contributing significantly more to the public goods than the richer -sometimes twice as much. An unsupervised learning algorithm classified the subjects according to their individual behavior, finding the poorest participants within two "generous clusters" and the richest into a "greedy cluster". Our results suggest that policies would benefit from educating about fairness and reinforcing climate justice actions addressed to vulnerable people instead of focusing on understanding generic or global climate consequences.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by Generalitat de Catalunya (ES) 2013 DI 49 to Dr. Julian Vicens and Dr. Jordi Duch, Generalitat de Catalunya (ES) 2014 SGR 608 to Dr. Mario Guitérrez-Roig and Dr. Josep Perelló, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ES) FIS2013-47532-C3-2-P to Dr. Mario Guitérrez-Roig and Dr. Josep Perelló, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ES) FIS2016-78904-C3-2-P to Dr. Julian Vicens and Dr. Josep Perelló, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ES) FIS2013-47532-C3-1-P to Dr. Jordi Duch, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ES) FIS2016-78904-C3-1-P to Dr. Jordi Duch, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ES) FIS2015-71582-C2 to Dr. Jesús Gómez-Gardeñes, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ES) FIS2014-55867-P to Dr. Jesús Gómez-Gardeñes and Dr. Yamir Moreno, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (ES) FIS2015-64349-P to Dr. Angel Sánchez, Horizon 2020 640772 to Dr. Julian Vicens, Dr. Carlos Grácia-Lázaro, and Dr. Yamir Moreno, Horizon 2020 662725 to Dr. Angel Sánchez and Dr. Yamir Moreno. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.format.extent 17
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Nuno Araujo, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
dc.rights © 2018 Vicens et al.
dc.rights Atribución 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.title Resource heterogeneity leads to unjust effort distribution in climate change mitigation
dc.type article
dc.subject.eciencia Matemáticas
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204369
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/GA- 662725
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2015-64349-P
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2013-47532-C3-2-P
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2016-78904-C3-2-P
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2013-47532-C3-1-P
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2016-78904-C3-1-P
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2015-71582-C2
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. FIS2014-55867-P
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/640772
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 1
dc.identifier.publicationissue 10 (e0204369)
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 17
dc.identifier.publicationtitle PLoS One
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 13
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000022685
dc.contributor.funder European Commission
dc.contributor.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (España)
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