Colonial Origins of Inequality in Hispanic America? Some Reflections Based on New Empirical Evidence

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dc.contributor.author Dobado González, Rafael
dc.contributor.author García Montero, Héctor
dc.date.accessioned 2015-09-14T14:40:42Z
dc.date.available 2015-09-14T14:40:42Z
dc.date.issued 2010-09
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Año XXVIII, otoño 2010, n. 2, pp. 253 - 277
dc.identifier.issn 2041-3335 (online)
dc.identifier.issn 0212-6109
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/21557
dc.description Special Issue on Latin American Inequality.
dc.description.abstract This paper attempts to contribute to the ongoing debate on the historical roots of the high economic inequality of contemporary Iberian America. Our approach, which is basically empirical, departs from the mainstream scholarship. We show new data on wages and heights in several viceroyalties that (1) suggest relatively medium-to-high levels of material welfare among the commoners in Bourbon Hispanic America; and (2) allow us to build indexes of economic inequality. An international comparison of those indexes casts some doubts on the widely accepted view that Viceroyal America’s economy was exclusively based on extremely unequal or extractive institutions, as it has been popularized by the influential works by Engerman and Sokoloff and Acemoglu et al.
dc.description.abstract Este trabajo pretende contribuir al debate sobre las causas históricas de la alta desigualdad económica en la Iberoamérica contemporánea y lo hace en forma básicamente empírica, lo que es bastante inusual. En él se muestran nuevos datos sobre salarios y estaturas de varios virreinatos que: (1) sugieren niveles de bienestar material relativamente medios o altos para grupos no privilegiados de la Hispanoamérica borbónica; y (2) permiten la construcción de índices de desigualdad económica. La comparación internacional de esos índices arroja dudas sobre la verosimilitud del ampliamente extendido supuesto de que la economía de la América española se basada exclusivamente en instituciones extremadamente desiguales o extractivas, que ha sido popularizada por los influyentes trabajos de Engerman y Sokoloff y Acemoglu et al.
dc.description.sponsorship The financial support from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación under Grant ECO2008-01989/ECON.
dc.format.extent 25
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Laureano Figuerola
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Anthropometrics
dc.subject.other Colonialism
dc.subject.other Inequality
dc.subject.other Wages
dc.subject.other Hispanic American economic history
dc.subject.other Antropometrıía
dc.subject.other Colonialismo
dc.subject.other Desigualdad
dc.subject.other Salarios
dc.subject.other Historia económica de Hispanoamérica
dc.title Colonial Origins of Inequality in Hispanic America? Some Reflections Based on New Empirical Evidence
dc.type article
dc.type.review PeerReviewed
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0212610910000108
dc.subject.jel I39
dc.subject.jel I39
dc.subject.jel J30
dc.subject.jel N30
dc.subject.jel N36
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.subject.eciencia Historia
dc.identifier.doi 10.1017/S0212610910000108
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 253
dc.identifier.publicationissue 2
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 277
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History
dc.identifier.publicationvolume Año XXVIII
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