Socially embedded investments: explaining gender differences in job-specific skills

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dc.contributor.author Polavieja, Javier G.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-14T09:53:19Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-14T09:53:19Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation American Journal of Sociology (2012). 118(3), 592-634.
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9602
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/20426
dc.description.abstract This article offers an innovative explanation for gender differences in job specialization that connects individual choices to the social structure. Decisions about jobs are modeled as a choice over different tenure-reward slopes, which are steeper for more specialized skills. The choice of job depends on expected duration. Individuals have imperfect information about their probability of success in different jobs and form expectations partly by observing the social context. Because women face greater constraints and uncertainties than men, their choices depend more on this context. Contextual influences on job specialization are tested for European respondents nested in 234 different regions. Consonant with the theory's predictions, women are found to have more specialized jobs in regions where (1) the preceding generation's job specialization diverged less by gender, (2) peers arrange a more equal division of housework, and (3) peers have fewer children.
dc.format.extent 43
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher The University of Chicago Press
dc.rights © 2012 The University of Chicago.
dc.subject.other Gender differences
dc.subject.other Job specialization
dc.subject.other Choice of job
dc.subject.other Gender roles
dc.title Socially embedded investments: explaining gender differences in job-specific skills
dc.type article
dc.description.status Pubblicado
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/667810
dc.subject.eciencia Sociología
dc.identifier.doi 10.1086/667810
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 592
dc.identifier.publicationissue 3
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 634
dc.identifier.publicationtitle American journal of sociology
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 118
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000011954
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