Role of stabilisers in the design of Ti aqueous suspensions for pressure slip casting

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dc.contributor.author Garcia Das Neves, Roberto
dc.contributor.author Ferrari, Begoña
dc.contributor.author Sánchez Herencia, A. J.
dc.contributor.author Pagnoux, C.
dc.contributor.author Gordo Odériz, Elena
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-18T16:27:13Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-18T16:27:13Z
dc.date.issued 2014-09-01
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Powder technology, vol. 263 (Sept. 2014), pp. 81-88
dc.identifier.issn 0032-5910
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/20293
dc.description.abstract Colloidal processing has long been used in ceramics to achieve green bodies with high densities, complex shapes and homogeneous microstructures, but they are rarely used to shape metal powders because of their high density and high surface reactivity. However, the possibility of processing fine particles makes these techniques interesting for metals, such as titanium, with a low density and high melting point. This work presents encouraging results in the design of aqueous suspensions of Ti particles to be shaped into bulk pieces by pressure slip casting (PSC), which opens new paths for the processing of fine and complex microstructures. Ti powders, measuring 10 μm in size, and mixtures of Ti and Al₂O₃ powders (added up to 5 wt.%) were dispersed in water by the addition of different stabilisers. The influence of the stabilisers in the slurry behaviour (in terms of nature, stereochemistry and active functional groups) was determined, as well as the incorporation of ceramic particles. A polyacrylic-based dispersant was selected as the best stabiliser to incorporate a second component (Al₂O₃) into the Ti suspension, whereas shear-thinning additives, such as TIRON, are preferred for PSC shaping. Suspensions with 1 wt.% Al₂O₃ were selected for processing composites by PSC and sintering. Sintered materials were characterised by measuring the density, oxygen content, hardness and microstructure analysis by SEM. Ti bulk pieces with 97% density and fine and homogeneous microstructure, of which the relationship between the oxygen content and hardness agrees with that measured for CPTi grade 4 (249 ± 24 HV30), can be processed by PSC.
dc.description.sponsorship The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Spanish Government through the projects MAT 2009-14448-C02-01 and 02, MAT2012 38650-C02-01 and 02 and to the regional government of Madrid through the programme Estrumat (Ref. S2009/MAT-1585).
dc.format.extent 8
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.subject.other Powder processing
dc.subject.other Rheology
dc.subject.other Composites
dc.subject.other Titanium
dc.subject.other Colloidal processing
dc.title Role of stabilisers in the design of Ti aqueous suspensions for pressure slip casting
dc.type article
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2014.04.093
dc.subject.eciencia Materiales
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.powtec.2014.04.093
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. MAT 2009-14448-C02-01 and 02
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. MAT2012 38650-C02-01 and 02
dc.relation.projectID Comunidad de Madrid. S2009/MAT-1585/ESTRUMAT
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 81
dc.identifier.publicationissue September
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 88
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Powder technology
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 263
dc.identifier.uxxi AR/0000015400
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