The evolution of top income and wealth shares in Portugal since 1936

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dc.contributor.author Guilera, Jordi
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-06T18:41:09Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-06T18:41:09Z
dc.date.issued 2010-03
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Año XXVIII, primavera 2010, n. 1, pp. 139-171
dc.identifier.issn 0212-6109
dc.identifier.issn 2041-3335 (online)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/20213
dc.description.abstract This paper presents new statistical evidence on the long-term evolution of economic inequality in Portugal. Portuguese tax sources have been employed to estimate top income and wealth shares (TIS and TWS) from 1936 onwards. The new series shows that the Second World War had a negative and non-permanent effect on the evolution of TIS, but not on TWS, which increased until the mid 1950s. From the mid 1950s to the early 1980s, there was a sharp decline in TIS and TWS. Finally, during the 1990s, TIS increased again. The reasons behind the Portuguese distributive pattern seem to be more economic than political.
dc.description.abstract El objetivo de este artículo es presentar nueva información estadística sobre la evolución de las desigualdades económicas en Portugal a largo plazo. La explotación de las fuentes fiscales portuguesas ha permitido la estimación de las top income and wealth shares (TIS y TWS) desde 1936. Estas nuevas series revelan que la Segunda Guerra Mundial tuvo un impacto negativo no permanente sobre las TIS, pero no sobre las TWS. Desde mediados de los cincuenta hasta principios de los ochenta, TIS y TWS cayeron con intensidad. Finalmente, durante los años noventa las TIS volvieron a aumentar. Las razones que hay detrás de la pauta distributiva portuguesa parecen ser más de índole económica que política.
dc.description.sponsorship Financial support from the research Project ECO2009-13331-C02-02 financed by Innovation and Science Ministry of Spain, the Economic History Department (UB), the R1D1I Reference Network in Economics and Public Policies of the Generalitat de Catalunya and the ESF (GlobalEuroNet) is gratefully acknowledged.
dc.format.extent 39
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Laureano Figuerola
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Top incomes
dc.subject.other Portugal
dc.subject.other Economic inequality
dc.subject.other Desigualdades económicas
dc.title The evolution of top income and wealth shares in Portugal since 1936
dc.type article
dc.type.review PeerReviewed
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0212610909990073
dc.subject.jel D31
dc.subject.jel O15
dc.subject.jel H24
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.subject.eciencia Historia
dc.identifier.doi 10.1017/S0212610909990073
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. ECO2009-13331-C02-02
dc.type.version publishedVersion
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 139
dc.identifier.publicationissue 1
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 171
dc.identifier.publicationtitle Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History
dc.identifier.publicationvolume Año XXVIII
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