Increasing inequalities: Recent School Failure Trends in Spain

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Show simple item record Fernández Mellizo-Soto, María Martínez-García, José Saturnino 2014-04-07T09:35:12Z 2014-04-07T09:35:12Z 2014-02-20
dc.description.abstract School failure is substantive in Spain. The percentage of students that do not achieve the compulsory education diploma is around 20%. Students who “fail” cannot continue to post-compulsory education and, sooner or later, have to leave formal education. School failure is usually higher for students from lower socio-economic backgrounds. This article explores the evolution of Inequality of Educational Opportunities (IEO) in compulsory education from the seventies in Spain. Using logit models of estimation to control for socio-demographic factors that may interfere with IEO dynamic, it shows that IEO at this level of education ran parallel with school failure: specifically, it decreased until the late nineties and increased afterwards. In order to explain this (unexpected) increase, we have tested the impact of a Law, known as LOGSE, which was implemented in Spain at the end of the nineties. We provide evidence that this Law, although egalitarian in spirit, in practice could have worked against students from lower socio-economic backgrounds continuing in education; thereby increasing IEO at this transition point.
dc.description.sponsorship Research funded by the Spanish National Plan for R&D CIEDES [CSO2011-30179-C02-01]. Part of this re-search has taken place at Princeton University (Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs), between August and December 2012, where María Fdez. Mellizo-Soto was Visiting Research Scholar (funds from the Spanish National Ministry of Education for the mobility of University Professors).
dc.format.extent 29
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Instituto Carlos III - Juan March de Ciencias Sociales (IC3JM)
dc.relation.ispartofseries Estudios = Working Papers
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2014/286
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.subject.other Sociology of education
dc.subject.other Economy of education
dc.subject.other Social stratification
dc.subject.other Inequality of educational opportunities
dc.subject.other Inequality dynamic
dc.subject.other School failure
dc.title Increasing inequalities: Recent School Failure Trends in Spain
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.eciencia Educación
dc.subject.eciencia Sociología
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.type.version submitedVersion
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