Coping with regional inequality in Sweden : structural change, migrations and policy, 1860-2000

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Show simple item record Enflo, Kerstin Rosés, Joan R.
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones 2012-11-29T12:25:17Z 2012-11-29T12:25:17Z 2012-10
dc.description.abstract In many countries, regional income inequality has followed an inverted Ushaped curve, growing during industrialisation and market integration and declining thereafter. By contrast, Sweden’s regional inequality dropped from 1860 to 1980 and did not show this U-shaped pattern. Accordingly, today’s regional income inequality in Sweden is lower than in other European countries. We note that the prime mover behind the long-run reduction in regional income differentials was structural change, whereas neo-classical and technological forces played a relatively less important role. However, this process of regional income convergence can be divided into two major periods. During the first period (1860-1940), the unrestricted action of market forces, particularly the expansion of markets and high rates of internal and international migrations, led to the compression of regional income differentials. In the subsequent period (1940-2000), the intended intervention of successive governments appears to have also been important for the evolution of regional income inequality. Regional convergence was intense from 1940 to 1980. In this period, governments aided the convergence in productivity among industries and the reallocation of the workforce from the declining to the thriving regions and economic sectors. During the next period (1980-2000), when regional incomes diverged, governments subsidised firms and people in the declining areas.
dc.description.sponsorship Financial support from the donors of the International Special Fellowship at Lund University School of Economics and Management is gratefully acknowledged (Visiting Fellows Program 2). Rosés also acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (project no. ECO2009- 13331-C02-01. Enflo also gratefully acknowledges funding from the Swedish Research Council (project no. 2008-2023) and from the Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius foundation (project no W2008-0357:1)
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Working papers in economic history
dc.relation.ispartofseries 12-09
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.subject.other Convergence
dc.subject.other Regional policy
dc.subject.other Neo-classical growth model
dc.subject.other Labour reallocation
dc.title Coping with regional inequality in Sweden : structural change, migrations and policy, 1860-2000
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.jel N94
dc.subject.jel N93
dc.subject.jel R11
dc.subject.jel R12
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.subject.eciencia Historia
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/225342
dc.type.version submitedVersion
dc.identifier.uxxi DT/0000000977
dc.identifier.repec wp12-09
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