Prestige y 11-M : la vertebración política de la gestión de catástrofes

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dc.contributor.author Vanaclocha Bellver, Francisco José
dc.contributor.author Natera Peral, Antonio
dc.contributor.author García Sánchez, Ester
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Ciencia Política y Sociología. Área de Ciencia Política y de la Administración
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de Política y Gobernanza
dc.date.accessioned 2008-02-22T12:00:23Z
dc.date.available 2008-02-22T12:00:23Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.issn 1698-482X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/1562
dc.description.abstract Between 2002 and 2004 Spain was jolted by two big crisis scenarios with a very different nature but two common characteristics. On one hand, they required an immediate response of some magnitude and complex management. On the other, they both caused a very deep impact on Spanish society and politics. Such two characteristics made them especially interesting in order to analyzed multiple aspects related to decisionmaking and “first response” management as a reaction against catastrophes. We can also withdraw several lessons about which factors and criteria are employed by critical actors to evaluate crisis management and “first response” as successful. This article focuses on the lessons learned by analyzing two singular events occurred in Spain and partly associated to very Spanish civic culture keys and political dynamics. At the same time, both of them have similar features and iconic meaning to other more recent crisis occurred in other places around the world. The first case studied is the crisis provoked by the accident of the oil ship “Prestige”, drawn in November 2002, 130 miles away from the Spanish coast in Galicia. It poured around 64.000 tones of oil in the Atlantic Ocean. It provoked a huge ecological disaster mainly in Galicia though to a great extent it reached 2.500Kms of coastal line, from the North of Portugal to the South of France. The second one is the terrorist attack of March 11th, 2004 in Madrid. A cell of Islamist terrorists linked to Al Qaeda made explode simultaneously ten bombs in train stations and suburban trains in four different locations. More than 1.600 people were injured and 191 were killed. The analysis of crisis management success criteria and factors is framed in two competitive research projects 1 . Three different qualitative research techniques are employed: (a) interviews to critical actors involved in crisis management; (b) semistructured questionnaires addressed to key informants; and (c) four workshops, composed by experts, managers and decisionmakers involved in Prestige Oil Spill and M11 crisis. The method used is an original and renewed version of the Nominal Group Technique (NGT). The application of these techniques was complemented with the information obtained out of other sources such as official reports, press releases, articles and specialized monographs and some results of the inquiries carried out by the Spanish Center of Sociological Research (CIS)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso spa
dc.relation.ispartofseries Documentos de Trabajo. Política y Gestión
dc.relation.ispartofseries 11/2007
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Gestión de catástrofes
dc.subject.other Evaluación de políticas públicas
dc.subject.other Crisis gubernamental
dc.subject.other España
dc.subject.other Prestige
dc.subject.other Terrorismo
dc.title Prestige y 11-M : la vertebración política de la gestión de catástrofes
dc.type workingPaper
dc.type.review PeerReviewed
dc.subject.eciencia Política
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
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