The joint effect of ethnicity and gender on occupational segregation : an approach based on the Mutual Information Index

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dc.contributor.author Guinea-Martin, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Mora, Ricardo
dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Castillo, Javier
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-21T10:40:47Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-16T08:25:26Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-16T08:25:26Z
dc.date.issued 2012-12
dc.identifier.issn 2340-5031
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/13849
dc.description.abstract This article studies the effects of gender and ethnicity on occupational segregation. The traditional approach to this topic measures the two sources of segregation separately. In contrast, we measure the joint effect of gender and ethnicity by applying a multigroup segregation index–the Mutual Information or M index–to the product of the two genders and seven ethnic groups distinguished in our census data for England and Wales in 2001. We exploit M's strong group decomposability property to consistently pose the following two questions: (i) How much does each source contribute to occupational segregation, controlling for the effect of the other? (ii) Is the combined impact of gender and ethnicity greater than, equal to, or smaller than the sum of their individual effects? The main empirical findings are the following two. First, we confirm previous results showing the greater importance of gender over ethnicity as a source of occupational segregation. However, we find that ethnicity contributes 13.5 percent of overall segregation in geographical areas where minorities concentrate. Second, contrary to intersectionality theories, we find that there is a small, “dwindling” interaction effect between the two sources of segregation: ethnicity slightly weakens the segregative power of gender, and vice versa.
dc.description.sponsorship Guinea-Martin acknowledges funding from the Economic and Social Research Council of the United Kingdom through grant RES-163-27-1003, and from the Spanish government through contract RYC-2008-03758, and grants CSO2008-03222 and CSO2011-30179-C02-02. Mora acknowledges financial help from the Spanish government through grant ECO2009-11165. Ruiz-Castillo acknowledges financial help from the Spanish government through grant SEJ2007-67436
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries UC3M Working papers. Economics
dc.relation.ispartofseries 11-40
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Britain
dc.subject.other Disadvantage
dc.subject.other Ethnicity
dc.subject.other Gender
dc.subject.other Intersectionality
dc.subject.other Mutual Information Index
dc.subject.other Occupations
dc.subject.other Segregation
dc.title The joint effect of ethnicity and gender on occupational segregation : an approach based on the Mutual Information Index
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.type.version submitedVersion
dc.identifier.uxxi DT/0000000819
dc.identifier.repec we1140
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