The end of the European Paradox

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dc.contributor.author Herranz, Neus
dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Castillo, Javier
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-28T13:38:42Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-28T13:38:42Z
dc.date.issued 2011-09
dc.identifier.issn 2340-5031
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/12195
dc.description.abstract This paper evaluates the European Paradox according to which Europe plays a leading world role in terms of scientific excellence, measured in terms of the number of publications, but lacks the entrepreneurial capacity of the U.S. to transform this excellent performance into innovation, growth, and jobs. Citation distributions for the U.S., the European Union (EU), and the rest of the world are evaluated using a pair of high- and low-impact indicators, as well as the mean citation rate. The dataset consists of 3.6 million articles published in 1998-2002 with a common five-year citation window. The analysis is carried at a low aggregation level: the 219 sub-fields identified with the Web of Science categories distinguished by Thomson Scientific. The problems posed by international co-authorship and the multiple assignments of articles to sub-fields are solved following a multiplicative strategy. In the first place, we find that, although the EU has more publications than the U.S. in 113 out of 219 sub-fields, the U.S. is ahead of the EU in 189 and 163 sub-fields in terms of the high- and low-impact indicators. In the second place, we verify that using the high-impact indicator the U.S./EU gap is usually greater than when using the mean citation rate.
dc.description.sponsorship European Community's Seventh Framework Program
dc.description.sponsorship The authors acknowledge financial support from the Santander Universities Global Division of Banco Santander. Ruiz-Castillo also acknowledges financial help from the Spanish MEC through grant SEJ2007-67436
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries UC3M Working papers. Economics
dc.relation.ispartofseries 11-27
dc.relation.hasversion http://hdl.handle.net/10016/19108
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Citation analysis
dc.subject.other World rankings
dc.subject.other High-impact indicators
dc.title The end of the European Paradox
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/217436
dc.type.version submittedVersion
dc.identifier.uxxi DT/0000000908
dc.identifier.repec we1127
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