Hunger in hell’s kitchen : family living conditions during Spanish industrialization : the Bilbao estuary, 1914-1935

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dc.contributor.author Rojo Cagigal, Juan Carlos
dc.contributor.author Houpt, Stefan
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones
dc.date.accessioned 2011-05-16T15:44:28Z
dc.date.available 2011-05-16T15:44:28Z
dc.date.issued 2011-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/11089
dc.description.abstract Did the late industrialization in Europe’s periphery improve life for its urban class? This paper examines family living conditions in northern Spain during late industrialization in the interwar period. We concentrate on the Basque region, one of the emerging industrial areas from the 1870s on. Historiography holds that in the medium-term urban development and industrialization increased real wages and overall standards of living. We contrast this empirically by examining the effects of income shocks on families using high frequency data from 1914 until 1936. These contrasts introduce nutritional adequacy of family diets as an additional way of measuring living conditions. Our results indicate that real income did not improve and that demographic and social deprivation variables were highly responsive to short term economic shocks. This response points to the fragility of urban breadwinner families even during later phases of industrialization; the urban penalty was by far not being compensated by the higher nominal wages received
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Working papers in Economic History
dc.relation.ispartofseries 11-04
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Standards of living
dc.subject.other Spain
dc.subject.other Urbanization
dc.subject.other Industrialization
dc.subject.other Family
dc.subject.other Deprivation
dc.subject.other Mortality
dc.subject.other Real wages
dc.subject.other Interwar period
dc.title Hunger in hell’s kitchen : family living conditions during Spanish industrialization : the Bilbao estuary, 1914-1935
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.jel N34
dc.subject.jel N93
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.subject.eciencia Historia
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.identifier.uxxi DT/0000000988
dc.identifier.repec wp11-04
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