Explaining contract choice : vertical co-ordination, sharecropping, and wine, France 1850-1950

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dc.contributor.author Carmona, Juan
dc.contributor.author Simpson, James
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones
dc.contributor.editor Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-20T10:47:15Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-20T10:47:15Z
dc.date.issued 2010-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10016/10031
dc.description.abstract Recent literature on sharecropping has emphasized its importance in reducing problems associated with moral hazard in cultivation (Tuscany), or in providing an important ‘rung’ on the farm ladder (US South). Yet despite these and other important features, sharecropping is surprisingly absent in many, if not most other settings. Using case studies associated with French wine production, this paper argues that a number of factors have often been overlooked in the literature: 1) the need for landowners to be able to offer farms that were both sufficiently large to employ full time the sharecropper’s family, and allowed them to produce a variety of products to minimize risk; 2) measurement problems associated with the division of the harvest, especially when quality was an important factor in determining farm price; 3) and the nature of vertical co-operation and integration associated with the production and marketing arrangements of individual crops explains that landowners were not indifferent to receiving payment in cash or kind, and this affected contract choice. This paper incorporates these ideas to explain not just the presence and absence of sharecropping in different geographical localities, but also the wide variety of different forms of the contract that existed in Europe.
dc.format.mimetype application/octet-stream
dc.format.mimetype application/octet-stream
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartofseries Working papers in Economic History
dc.relation.ispartofseries 10-15
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subject.other Sharecropping
dc.subject.other French agriculture
dc.subject.other Wine history
dc.title Explaining contract choice : vertical co-ordination, sharecropping, and wine, France 1850-1950
dc.type workingPaper
dc.subject.jel D24
dc.subject.jel L61
dc.subject.jel N13
dc.subject.jel N14
dc.subject.jel N63
dc.subject.jel N64
dc.subject.jel O47
dc.subject.eciencia Economía
dc.subject.eciencia Historia
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess
dc.identifier.repec wp10-15
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