Publication:
Product quality or market regulation? Explaining the slow growth of Europe's wine cooperatives, 1880-1980

dc.affiliation.dptoUC3M. Departamento de Ciencias Socialeses
dc.affiliation.grupoinvUC3M. Grupo de Investigación: Historias de los Capitalismos Latinos Globales (H-GLACIAL)es
dc.contributor.authorFernández, Eva
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, James
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (España)es
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-02T10:18:05Z
dc.date.available2020-10-02T10:18:05Z
dc.date.issued2017-02-01
dc.description.abstractWine cooperatives were relatively scarce in Europe before the Second World War, but by the 1980s accounted for more than half of all wines made in France, Italy, and Spain, the three major producer countries. Unlike Danish dairy cooperatives, whose success before the First World War was linked to their ability to improve product quality and compete in high-value niche markets, wine cooperatives are often associated with the production of large volumes of low-quality products. This article argues that the initial slow diffusion of wine cooperatives was caused by the difficulties of improving quality due to environmental conditions in European vineyards (terroir') and measurement problems, rather than institutional shortcomings. Cooperatives only became widespread when the state found them a useful instrument to regulate markets, especially after 1950. The problems associated with poor wine quality were never resolved, and cooperatives have become increasingly uncompetitive in the market place, especially following the major decline in per capita consumption and shift towards premium wines from the 1980s.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFinancial assistance was provided by the Spanish government (ECO2012-36213) and Fundación Ramón Areces (‘Desigualdad and Conflicto’ Project).en
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationEconomic History Review, 2017, 70 (1), 122-142
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/ehr.12338
dc.identifier.issn0013-0117
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage122
dc.identifier.publicationissue1
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage142
dc.identifier.publicationtitleEconomic History Review
dc.identifier.publicationvolume70
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10016/31026
dc.identifier.uxxiAR/0000019353
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons
dc.relation.projectIDGobierno de España. ECO2012-36213es
dc.rights© Economic History Society 2017
dc.rights.accessRightsrestricted access
dc.subject.ecienciaHistoriaes
dc.subject.ecienciaEconomíaes
dc.subject.otherChoiceen
dc.subject.otherSpainen
dc.titleProduct quality or market regulation? Explaining the slow growth of Europe's wine cooperatives, 1880-1980en
dc.typeresearch article*
dc.type.hasVersionVoR*
dspace.entity.typePublication
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