Publication:
Implementing R&D policies : an analsysis of Spain´s pharmaceutical research program

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2004
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Elsevier
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Abstract
We analyze Spain’s National Pharmaceutical Research Program using detailed firm-l vel data. We fin differences between ex ante announced evaluation criteria and ex post implementation. This suggests that judging R&D programs on their design, rather than their implementation, may be misleading. We also uncover that the apparent discrimination against non-European firm can be interpreted as a premium to having local production facilities. Overall, the program values firm on the basis of criteria, such as R&D investment and patent spending, consistent with empirically tested measures of innovative activity.
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Innovation policy, Pharmaceutical industry, R&D programs
Bibliographic citation
Research Policy, 2004, v. 33, n. 10, pp. 1493-1507