Performance analysis of a millimeter wave MIMO channel estimation method in an embedded multi-core processor

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The emerging Multi-Processor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) technology, which combines heterogeneous computing with the high performance of field programmable gate arrays (FPGA), is a promising platform for a large number of applications, including wireless communications and vehicular technology. In this specific application context, when multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) scenarios are considered, the system usually has to manage a large number of communication links among sensors and antennas involving different vehicles and users. Millimeter wave (mmWave) communications are one of the key technology enablers toward achieving high data rates in beyond 5G systems (B5G). Communication at these frequency bands usually involves the use of large antenna arrays, often requiring high computational resources. One of the candidate platforms able to manage a huge number of communications is the Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ EG Heterogeneous MPSoC, which is composed of a dual-core Cortex-R5, a quad-core ARM Cortex-A53, a graphics processing unit (GPU) and a high-end FPGA. This work analyzes the computational performance that requires a recent mmWave MIMO channel estimation algorithm in a platform of this kind. As a first approach, we will focus our work on the performance that can be achieved via the quad-core ARM Cortex-A53. To this end, we will use the libraries for numerical algebra (BLAS and LAPACK). The results show that our reference implementation is able to manage a large MIMO communication system with 256 antennas without exhausting platform resources.
Mimo communication systems, Channel estimation, System-on-chip (SoC)
Bibliographic citation
Aviles, P. M., Lloria, D., Belloch, J. A., Roger, S., Lindoso, A. & Cobos, M. (2022). Performance analysis of a millimeter wave MIMO channel estimation method in an embedded multi-core processor. The Journal of Supercomputing, 78(12), 14756-14767.