On Higher-Order Statistics of the Channel Model for UAV-to-Ground Communications

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Unmanned-aerial-vehicles (UAVs) based communications are envisioned to play an important role in 5G and beyond 5G (B5G) systems. UAV-to-ground communications in urban cities are often characterized by highly dynamic propagation environments that can be described by composite fading channels. Most of the UAV-to-ground systems are based on first order (FO) performance evaluation, however the models based on FO statistics are insufficient for characterization of time variant fading channels. We provide comprehensive mathematical framework for the second order (SO) statistics over double-scattered, double-shadowed (DS-DS) fading channels, modeled as the product of double Nakagami-m (DN) and double inverse Gamma (DIG) random processes (RPs). In particular, we obtained exact mathematical expressions for average fade duration (AFD) and level crossing rate (LCR) of the proposed UAV-to-ground channel model. Moreover, the exact, integral form SO statistical expressions are approximated by Laplace Integration (LI) and exponential LI in order to provide closed form, easily computing mathematical expressions. Numerical results show that approximate and exact results are fitting well, especially for higher output threshold values. The impact of DS-DS fading severities on the SO statistics are well investigated. Furthermore, the proposed method is extended to analyze SO performances for the selection scenario of UAV with the highest signal level from among N-UAVs links.
Proceedings of: 2021 IEEE 93rd Vehicular Technology (VTC2021-Spring), 25-28 april, 2021, Helsinki, Finland.
B5G communications, 6G communications, Average fade duration, Level crossing rate, Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
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2021 IEEE 93rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2021-Spring), Helsinki, Finland.