Publication:
Deep Spatiotemporal Model for COVID-19 Forecasting

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2022-05-05
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MDPI AG
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Abstract
COVID-19 has caused millions of infections and deaths over the last 2 years. Machine learning models have been proposed as an alternative to conventional epidemiologic models in an effort to optimize short- and medium-term forecasts that will help health authorities to optimize the use of policies and resources to tackle the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Although previous machine learning models based on time pattern analysis for COVID-19 sensed data have shown promising results, the spread of the virus has both spatial and temporal components. This manuscript proposes a new deep learning model that combines a time pattern extraction based on the use of a Long-Short Term Memory (LSTM) Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) over a preceding spatial analysis based on a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) applied to a sequence of COVID-19 incidence images. The model has been validated with data from the 286 health primary care centers in the Comunidad de Madrid (Madrid region, Spain). The results show improved scores in terms of both root mean square error (RMSE) and explained variance (EV) when compared with previous models that have mainly focused on the temporal patterns and dependencies.
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Machine learning, Deep learning, Covid-19 forecasting, Spatiotemporal model, Model optimization
Bibliographic citation
Muñoz-Organero, M., & Queipo-Álvarez, P. (2022). Deep Spatiotemporal Model for COVID-19 Forecasting. In Sensors, 22, (9), 3519-3535