Publication:
Micropillar compression of Ti(C,N)-FeNi cermets: Microstructural, processing, and scale effects

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Abstract
The influence of microstructure and processing route on the small-scale mechanical response as well as on the deformation and failure mechanisms of Ti(C,N)-FeNi cermets were investigated by uniaxial compression of micropillars milled by focused ion beam with different sizes. Stress-strain curves were determined and associated deformation mechanisms were observed in-situ using scanning electron microscopy. The appropriate micropillars dimension was assessed, based on the microstructural characteristics of studied cermets, to overcome scale effect issues. A direct relationship was observed between yield strength and ceramic/metal ratio for colloidal samples. Meanwhile, deformation of metallic binder and glide between Ti(C,N)/Ti(C,N) particles were evidenced as dominant mechanisms during the compression for colloidal cermets with 70 and 80 vol% of ceramic phase, respectively. The obtained results illustrate that samples processed from powder attained by colloidal route provide superior mechanical behavior, as compared to that exhibited by specimens shaped following a conventional powder metallurgy one (wet ball-milling/drying).
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Keywords
Cermet, Micropillar, Deformation mechanisms, Powder metallurgy, Uniaxial compression
Bibliographic citation
Journal of the European Ceramic Society, (2023), 43 (7), pp.: 2826–2833