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Improvement of sintering behaviour of titanium by colloidal techniques

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ISSN: 0032-5899 (Print)
ISSN: 1743-2901 (Online)
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2013-09-01
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Maney Publishing
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Abstract
The conventional sintering of titanium requires high temperatures to obtain high densities and low porosity, giving rise to microstructures with high grain size, and high interstitial contents, both of which adversely affect the mechanical properties obtained. A novel approach is reported which uses fine (10 µm) spherical Ti powder to improve the sintering behaviour, together with a small percentage of alumina particles (0·5 µm) to restrict grain growth. Colloidal techniques were used to form spherical agglomerates, 50‐300 µm in size, of Ti powder with alumina particles dispersed homogenously on the Ti surface. These agglomerates present good compressibility and make it possible to sinter effectively at low temperatures, increasing the relative density and decreasing grain size
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Keywords
Powder technology, Colloidal processing, Sintering
Bibliographic citation
Powder Metallurgy, 56(4), (Sept. 2012), pp. 258-262(5).