Bender's Decomposition for Optimization Design Problems in Communication Networks

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Various types of communication networks are constantly emerging to improve connectivity services and facilitate the interconnection of various types of devices. This involves the development of several technologies, such as device-to-device communications, wireless sensor networks and vehicular communications. The various services provided have heterogeneous requirements on the quality metrics such as throughput, end-to-end latency and jitter. Furthermore, different network technologies have inherently heterogeneous restrictions on resources, for example, power, interference management requirements, computational capabilities, and so on. As a result, different network operations such as spectrum management, routing, power control and offloading need to be performed differently. Mathematical optimization techniques have always been at the heart of such design problems to formulate and propose computationally efficient solution algorithms. One of the existing powerful techniques of mathematical optimization is Benders Decomposition (BD), which is the focus of this article. Here, we briefly review different BD variants that have been applied in various existing network types and different design problems. These main variants are the classical, the combinatorial, the multi-stage, and the generalized BD. We discuss compelling BD applications for various network types including heterogeneous cellular networks, infrastructure wired wide area networks, smart grids, wireless sensor networks, and wireless local area networks. Mainly, our goal is to assist the readers in refining the motivation, problem formulation, and methodology of this powerful optimization technique in the context of future networks. We also discuss the BD challenges and the prospective ways these can be addressed when applied to communication networks' design problems.
Cellular radio, Optimisation, Power control, Smart power grids, Telecommunication network routing, Wide area networks, Wireless LAN, Wireless sensor networks
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Ibrahim, A., Dobre, O. A., Ngatched, T. M. N. & Armada, A. G. (2020). Bender’s Decomposition for Optimization Design Problems in Communication Networks. IEEE Network, 34(3), pp. 232–239.