Metamaterial based design of compact UWB/MIMO monopoles antenna with characteristic mode analysis

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In this article, a novel metamaterial inspired UWB/multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna is presented. The proposed antenna consists of a circular metallic part which formed the patch and a partial ground plane. Metamaterial structure is loaded at the top side of the patches for bandwidth improvement and mutual coupling reduction. The proposed antenna provides UWB mode of operation from 2.6-12 GHz. The characteristic mode theory is applied to examine each physical mode of the antenna aperture and access its many physical parameters without exciting the antenna. Mode 2 was the dominant mode among the three modes used. Considering the almost inevitable presence of mutual coupling effects within compact multiport antennas, we developed an additional decoupling technique in the form of perturbed stubs, which leads to a mutual coupling reduction of less than 20 dB. Finally, different performance parameters of the system, such as envelope correlation coefficient (ECC), channel capacity loss (CCL), diversity gain, total active reflection coefficient (TARC), mean effective gain (MEG), surface current, and radiation pattern, are presented. A prototype antenna is fabricated and measured for validation.
This article belongs to the Special Issue Millimeter-wave and Terahertz Applications of Metamaterials.
Characteristic modes, Metamaterials, Multiple input multiple output, Mutual coupling
Bibliographic citation
Jabire, A. H., Ghaffar, A., Li, X. J., Abdu, A., Saminu, S., Alibakhshikenari, M., Falcone, F., & Limiti, E. (2021). Metamaterial Based Design of Compact UWB/MIMO Monopoles Antenna with Characteristic Mode Analysis. Applied Sciences, 11(4), 1542.