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A spect scanner for rodent imaging based on small-area gamma cameras

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Abstract
We developed a cost-effective SPECT scanner prototype (rSPECT) for in vivo imaging of rodents based on small-area gamma cameras. Each detector consists of a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube (PS-PMT) coupled to a 30 30 NaI(Tl) scintillator array and electronics attached to the PS-PMT sockets for adapting the detector signals to an in-house developed data acquisition system. The detector components are enclosed in a leadshielded case with a receptacle to insert the collimators. System performance was assessed using 􀀀􀀀 􀀀 for a high-resolution parallel- hole collimator, and for a 0.75-mm pinhole collimator with a 60 aperture angle and a 42-mm collimator length. The energy resolution is about 10.7% of the photopeak energy. The overall system sensitivity is about and planar spatial resolution ranges from 2.4 mm at 1 cm source-to-collimator distance to 4.1 mm at 4.5 cm with parallel-hole collimators. With pinhole collimators planar spatial resolution ranges from 1.2 mm at 1 cm source-to-collimator distance to 2.4 mm at 4.5 cm; sensitivity at these distances ranges from 2.8 to . Tomographic hot-rod phantom images are presented together with images of bone, myocardium and brain of living rodents to demonstrate the feasibility of preclinical small-animal studies with the rSPECT.
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Keywords
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT), small-animal imaging, small-area gamma camera
Bibliographic citation
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 57, n. 5, oct. 2010. Pp. 2524-2531